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Dry Eye

Dry eye is a common eye condition clinically described as the decline in the quantity or quality of tears on the surface of the eye. The tear film can be considered to consist of three layers. The most superficial layer is the oil layer (lipid layer) produced by the oil glands in the lids. These oil glands are called meibomian glands. This oil layer coats the tear film retarding evaporation. The aqueous (water) component of the tear film is secreted by the lacrimal glands located in the upper part of the bony orbit. Every time we blink, you naturally replenish the thin layer of tears covering your eyes. Dry eyes occur when the system that produces your tears breaks down. This causes the clear tissue that covers the opening of your eye (cornea), or parts of it, to dry out.

Some people don't produce enough tears to keep their eyes comfortably lubricated. Common causes of dry eyes include:

  • Aging
  • Dry environment or workplace (wind, air conditioning)
  • Sun exposure
  • Smoking or second-hand smoke exposure
  • Cold or allergy medicines
  • An eye injury or other problem with your eyes or eyelids (like a drooping eyelid or bulging eyes)
  • Sjogren's syndrome -- includes dry eyes, mouth, and mucus membranes, and often rheumatoid arthritis or other joint disorder.
  • Eyelid deformities

Dry eyes usually affect both the eyes. The symptoms may include:

  • Eye fatigue and discomfort
  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Dryness
  • Irritation and scratchiness
  • Discharge or crusting of lids
  • Blurry vision
  • Pain or light sensivity
  • Burning
  • Foreign body sensation
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses

Dry eye is commonly seen more in the following groups

  • Computer users report dry eye symptoms so frequently, it's been called CVS - Computer Vision Syndrome. During reading and TV or computer viewing, the rate of eyelids blinking reduces significantly. This causes the tear film to evaporate leading to dryness of the eyes.
  • Lasik eye surgery patients often suffer post Lasik dry eyes
  • Women get dry eye syndrome as a result of hormonal fluctuations, especially during menopause
  • Older people also suffer as their eyes produce 40% less tears
  • Contact lens wearers often have dry eye syndrome because their corneal sensitivity becomes reduced over long-term use
  • Those on medications like antihistamines, antibiotics, antidepressants, and birth control pills can get dry eyes
  • Smokers and allergy sufferers are very susceptible to dry eye syndrome
  • People living in dry, dusty, or windy climates report dry eye symptoms, especially in winter when indoor air is dry and stale.

Dry eye is a chronic, progressive disease that affects the surface of the eye. Without treatments, the symptoms may ebb and flow, but there is likely progressive damage occurring to the front surface of your eye. If left untreated, dry eyes can become dangerous. It is therefore important to consult an eye doctor at the right time and start the treatment for dry eyes. The treatment is tailored as per the severity and the cause behind it.

About Advanced Eye Hospital and Institute:
Advanced Eye Hospital and Institute in Navi Mumbai is one of the best eye hospitals in Mumbai.  Eye check-up rooms and the operation theatres are state-of-art and equipped with the best diagnostic and surgery machines. Personalised care, infection free modular operation theatres and beautiful ambience complement the cutting-edge eye care offered at AEHI. Besides treating patients from Kharghar, Nerul, Vashi and Panvel, patients from all over western India travel to AEHI for world class eye care management.

About Dr. Neeraj Israni-
Dr. Neeraj Israni is a Cataract and Refractive surgeon. He is trained from the best eye institutes of the country. He is a very diligent eye specialist and researcher. Other eye doctors appreciate him not just for his clinical skills but other skills like video making etc. He has won numerous national and international awards.