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What are the risks of Glaucoma?

Some people have a higher than normal risk of getting glaucoma. This includes people who:
• Age more than 40 years
• Family history of Glaucoma
• Are of African, Hispanic, or Asian heritage
• Have high eye pressure 
• Are farsighted or nearsighted 
• Have had an eye injury 
• Use long-term steroid medications
• Have corneas that are thin in the center
• Have thinning of the optic nerve
• Have diabetes, migraines, high blood pressure, poor blood circulation or other health problems affecting the whole body

Talk with an eye doctor or the glaucoma specialist about your risk for getting glaucoma. People with more than one of these risk factors have an even higher risk of glaucoma.

The only sure way to diagnose glaucoma is with a complete, regular and periodic eye check-up.  A glaucoma screening that only checks eye pressure is not enough to find glaucoma.

If and when glaucoma is suspected, a glaucoma screening exam is done. As part of that eye check-up your eye doctor will:
• Measure your eye pressure with specialized instruments
• Inspect your eye’s drainage angle with Gonioscopy
• Examine your optic nerve for damage 
• Test your peripheral (side) vision with confrontation test or visual field analysis
• Take a picture or computer measurement of your optic nerve
• Measure the thickness of your cornea

All these tests can help the eye doctor diagnose glaucoma and plan the treatment at the earliest. It is therefore very important for everyone to undergo regular eye checks. If and when glaucoma is suspected or if you are at risk of having glaucoma, your eye doctor can conduct specialized glaucoma screening tests