Cataract is the clouding of your eye’s natural lens (the part which focuses light rays to form sharp images). As of today, there is no medical treatment for cataract and surgical removal of your cloudy lens is done followed by replacement with an artificial lens.
Micro Incision Cataract Surgery:
Micro Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS) is the latest advancement in the field of cataract surgery technologies. This procedure now makes it possible to reduce the size of the incision to as less as 1. To 3 mm as compared to the earlier 10 to 12 mm incisions. Smaller incisions also mean that soft foldable lens implants are used as compared to the hard plastic lenses used earlier. It also involves either a single stitch or no stitches at all.
How MICS is performed:
This procedure is performed under local anesthesia or using anesthetic eye drops. It takes approximately 20 minutes for the actual procedure. A tiny cut is made in your cornea through which your opaque lens is removed. The removal of the lens is usually through a method called phacoemulsification (Ultrasound is used to break the cataract). This is then replaced by an intra-ocular (artificial) lens.
Advantages of Micro Incision Cataract Surgery:
Reduced risks of infections and injury to the eye
Lower chances of astigmatism (a refractive error) developing after the operation
Faster recovery of vision
Reduced discomfort during or after surgery
Minimum or no stitches
Quicker return to normal activity